Enteric diseases

Facts & Figures

2nd leading cause of mortality

in children under 5

1.7 billion cases

each year

500,000 deaths

each year

663 million people

use unsafe drinking water

2.4 billion

people lack access to basic sanitation

1.8 billion people

use water from fecally contaminated source

The gastrointestinal bacteria that cause enteric diseases enter the body through the mouth. They are spread through contaminated food and water, by contact with the feces of an infected person, and by contact with animals and their environment.

Cholera, typhoid fever, rotaviruses and other enteric diseases represent a major health burden in several developing countries of Asia, Africa, and South America. A large proportion of diarrheal disease can be prevented through safe drinking water, adequate sanitation and hygiene.

Sources: CDC & WHO