in children under 5
use unsafe drinking water
people lack access to basic sanitation
use water from fecally contaminated source
The gastrointestinal bacteria that cause enteric diseases enter the body through the mouth. They are spread through contaminated food and water, by contact with the feces of an infected person, and by contact with animals and their environment.
Cholera, typhoid fever, rotaviruses and other enteric diseases represent a major health burden in several developing countries of Asia, Africa, and South America. A large proportion of diarrheal disease can be prevented through safe drinking water, adequate sanitation and hygiene.